How to Instill Eye Drops Properly?

If you’re someone who wears contact lenses, knowing how to instill eye drops properly is very important. Most eye medications and solutions are prepared as drops. People with cataracts, glaucoma and even those with dry eyes are quite familiar with these drops. Improper use of eye drops, most especially the medicated kind might lead to serious complications and blindness. Listed below are helpful tips and guidelines on how to instill eye drops the correct way.
• Hand washing – Wash your hands with soap and water prior to eye drop instillation. Hand washing is the best way to prevent the transmission of harmful bacteria and microorganisms. When the hands are unwashed, the eye drop may become contaminated.
• Proper Storage – Some eye solutions need to be kept cold; storing them inside the refrigerator can help maintain the eye drop’s potency and therapeutic properties. Eye drops must be stored according to what is recommended.
• Instillation Interval – When using more than 1 eye solution at a time, allow a 3 to 5 minute interval. Doing this allows better absorption
• Proper Positioning – Start by tilting your head backwards. Using the index finger of your non-dominant hand, pull down on the lower eyelid to expose a small portion of the conjunctiva. Hold the eye drop bottle using the thumb and index finger of your dominant hand.
• Eye Drop Instillation – Situate the eye drop bottle approximately 2 to 3 inches above the eye. Ensure that the bottle tip doesn’t come in contact with your fingers or eye, to prevent contamination. Gently squeeze the bottle, allowing 1 drop to fall on the conjunctiva, not directly on the eye.
• Eye Drop Absorption – Once the eye drop is instilled, slowly release the lower eye lid. Close the eye for a few seconds, doing this maximizes the absorption of the eye solution.